Floor coatings

Can you recommend a specialist contractor to apply resin coatings?

Yes. We work closely with a number of specialist contractors. Contact us for a quotation.

Can floor coatings be used on any type of floor surface?

They can be applied to a large variety of surfaces. Refer to our guide "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings".

Can I apply coatings to new concrete?

The time scale that you can apply coatings onto new concrete varies depending on the product you wish to apply. See our "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings". Our FS Epoxy DPM Primer can be used prior to applying other coatings, however, generally a water based product such as FS Epoxy Sealer can be applied earlier than a solvent free (e.g. FS Epoxy Coating range) or solvent based (e.g. some Rust-Oleum products). Note that Rust-Oleum 7100 and 7100NS can only be applied to concrete that is over 2 years old.

Do I need to prepare the floor prior to applying coatings?

Yes. See our "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings". As for any "decorating" project, preparation is very important in order to achieve a good result. Some Rust-Oleum and Mathys products suggest preparation using an acid etch product such as Surfa Etch 108, however our general advice is that mechanical preparation is better. It is most important that the floor is clean and dry. If you need a contractor to complete the preparation (or prep and application) we can arrange quotations from specialist contractors.

Do I need any special equipment to apply coatings?

Refer to the relevant data sheet. For FS coatings see our "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings". Generally you will need a paint roller, complete with refills, a roller tray and a mixing paddle. For our own FS coatings we can supply these if required, but for other products you can source from a local DIY store. 12 inch rollers will be more suitable than 9 inch rollers for all but very small jobs. Ensure you use good quality short pile roller refills. You should wear gloves and overalls, plus safety glasses when mixing.

What equipment do I need and where do I source it to prepare the floor prior to coating?

Many tool hire companies, such as Brandon Hire, hire floor preparation machines. For most smaller projects an STR machine, complete with carborundum blocks, is suitable. A vacuum can be attached if required but due to the slow speed of the head the dust is kept at ground level and can be vacuumed or brushed up later. For large projects call us and we can arrange a quotation from a specialist preparation contractor.

Do I need to remove the existing paint on the floor?

If you are applying an epoxy coating this should be applied to either a prepared concrete substrate or to an existing epoxy coating that is fully bonded to the floor. For single pack coatings they can normally be applied over similar products, assuming that the existing coating is fully bonded. If coatings are applied to flaking paint they will not adhere to the floor.

Do I need to use a primer?

For most products and in most circumstances it is not necessary to use a primer, however in certain instances a primer can be beneficial (e.g. for porous concrete) or even essential (i.e. for green [new] concrete, where a DPM primer is essential). See our "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings". FS Epoxy Primer is a general use penetrative primer, FS Epoxy Primer Fast Cure is a fast curing version of this, FS Epoxy Binder is for use with weak sand and cement screeds, FS Epoxy DPM primer is for use over green concrete, and Rust-Oleum 3333 Super Adhesion Primer or Rust-Oleum 3366 Rapid Curing Adhesion Primer is useful where minimal preparation is completed to smooth powerfloated concrete.

Are the products smelly and can they be used in a food environment?

FS Epoxy Coatings are solvent free and FS Epoxy Sealers are water based and both have a low odour. They are non-taint and can be used in the food industry (e.g. FS Epoxy Coating [all grades] and FS Epoxy Sealer [all grades]). Many single pack products are solvent based and although they are generally low odour they should not be used in the food or pharmaceutical industries unless stated otherwise.

What coverage will I get for each unit of product?

This will depend on the individual product. Refer to the data sheet for each individual product. The coverage will always depend on the porosity of the substrate, site conditions and application procedures. It is a good idea to roughly mark out how much area should be completed with a unit of product.

How much product will I require?

See the data sheet for the product you wish to use. This will give the recommended application rate. Note that a number of variables exist, such as the porosity of the floor, the amount of pressure on the roller, etc. We recommend that you mark out the floor with the recommended area for each unit. This will ensure that you do not run out of product or have a lot left over, unless the porosity or unevenness of the floor has a significant effect on this.

Can you supply the essential tools?

For FS branded products we can supply a floor painting kit, spare rollers, paint tray and mixing paddle. For Rust-Oleum products you can purchase these items from a DIY store.

How do I mix the 2 components of an epoxy coating?

It is good practice to pre-mix the coloured part of the product. This should be done with a mixing paddle attached to an electric drill. The smaller container should then be tipped into the larger container and mixed with the drill and paddle until an homogenous solution is obtained. A time of approx 3 minutes is normally sufficient. A stick must not be used as this will not fully mix the product and it won"t cure.

Can I use a part unit of epoxy and save the rest for another day?

No. Once mixed the product has a pot life and as soon as it starts to cure it can no longer be used.

Can I mix several units of epoxy at once.

This is not recommended as the pot life can be quite short and unless you are experienced in working with epoxies we strongly advise against this.

What colours are available?

See the individual product data. For FS coatings there is a good standard colour range. We generally recommend using standard colours but for FS Epoxy Coatings custom RAL or BS colours can be manufacture at a small additional cost. For Rust-Oleum or Mathys products many can be tinted to your requirements. If you are looking at colours on a computer or tablet screen note that each computer screen will look different and any colour shown, in whatever media, should only be regarded as an indication of an approximate colour. Note that colours will fade over time and different production batch colours will also be slightly different from all manufacturers.

How do I achieve an anti-slip finish?

A number of products include aggregate to give a slip resistant finish. The level of slip resistance is dependent on many things, such as the size of the aggregate, how thick the coating is applied, and what spillages are going to occur on the floor. We supply FS Epoxy Coating Anti-Slip, FS Epoxy Coating Anti-Slip Fast Cure, FS Epoxy Sealer Anti-Slip andRust-Oleum 7100NS. Epoxies will give a considerably longer service life than single pack coatings. We can also supply FS Epoxy Coating (including Fast Cure, XtraBuild and XtraBuild Fast Cure options) and you can purchase aggregate separately in order that you can customise the level of slip resistance. Note that the more aggregate used the more difficult the floor will be to clean. Lighter, smaller aggregates like our glass baubles can be mixed in the product. For larger aggregates it is generally better to broadcast these into the wet paint and then back-roll the coating to encapsulate the aggregate.

Can I apply an epoxy coating myself?

Yes. Providing you follow the instructions, application is fairly simple. Read our "General Advice for Application & Maintenance of FS Floor Coatings" prior to purchasing.

Can you apply the coating for us?

Yes. We work with a number of specialist contractors and would be happy to arrange a quotation for you. Note that we do not complete domestic applications.

We wish to use a single pack floor coating. Which would you recommend?

We can supply several products. Single pack polyurethane coatings are generally more durable than alkyds. The following are available: Rust-Oleum 7200 Floorcoat PU, 7100 Floorcoat, EpoxyShield Ultra or EpoxyShield Sealer (clear). Note that these two EpoxyShield products are NOT epoxies and this is just a name of the product range. We would generally recommend the Rust-Oleum 7200Floorcoat PU.

How long do I need to leave the floor before I can use it?

This will depend on temperature and the proposed use of the floor. The individual data sheets will give an approximate cure time at 20°C but this time will extend for lower temperatures. FS Epoxy Coating will cure down to 5°C, FS Epoxy Coating Fast Cure to 3°C, FS Epoxy Sealer to 10°C. Products shouldn't be applied below these temperatures. The cure time will be significantly extended for all products at lower temperatures. If timing is critical consider FS Epoxy Coating Fast Cure, but note that the useable pot life is considerably restricted and speed of application is essential. For Rust-Oleum and Mathys products refer to individual product data sheets.

How do I clean the floor once I have coated it?

The floor can be cleaned with a scrubber drier with standard brushes or non abrasive pads, with a scrubber and separate wet pick up or with a mop and bucket.

Can I use resin products outside?

Epoxies are intended for use indoors. Some single pack coatings can be used outside and we supply Rust-Oleum Tarmacoat for a number of surfaces and Asphalt Restorer for tarmac and asphalt substrates.

Can I use coatings on wet surfaces or in wet conditions?

No.

Does the temperature effect curing times?

Yes. Generally figures shown on data sheets are for a temperature of 20°C. For higher temperatures products will cure more quickly and for lower temperatures more slowly. There are minimum temperatures that products can be applied at and you should refer to the relevant data sheet for these. If the temperature is particularly hot products may cure very quickly and reduce the pot life (working time).

How long will it take to complete a resin flooring project?

Preparation is completed on the first day. For smaller projects the first coat can be completed the same day. With most systems 1 coat per day is applied, so for a two coat system it will take 2 days and a 3 coat system will take 3 days. However this will depend on the size of the area, temperature etc. If timing is critical it is possible to apply 2 coats of our FS Epoxy Coating Fast Cure (including anti-slip and XtraBuild fast cure options) in one day. Additionally FS Epoxy Coating XtraBuild or FS Epoxy Coating XtraBuild Fast Cure can be used as a single coat system to allow the project to be completed in one day. Note that 2 coat systems are generally better than a single coat.

Can I lay an epoxy or polyurethane screed myself?

No. This is a highly specialised job. We work with a number of contractors who can install these systems and would be happy to arrange quotations for you.

How should the empty containers be disposed of?

Empty containers should be treated as hazard waste, as should all empty paint containers. Please dispose of waste responsibly.

We have a poor concrete floor in our engineering factory and as we work 24/7 we don"t have time to use a coating or screed system. Have you an alternative?

We can supply Inter-Lock interlocking tiles. These are PVC tiles that interlock, like a jigsaw puzzle, to form a very durable floor. It is available in a number of colours and finishes so that walkways and other features can be completed in different colours. All that is required to fit it is a rubber mallet. Tiles can be cut easily to fit. In oily or wet environments the tiles can be glued to the substrate to ensure that water, oils and coolants don"t penetrate underneath. The tiles are 500mm x 500mm and therefore 4 tiles make up 1 square metre. Edge ramps and corners are also available. They are suitable for many manufacturing, engineering, warehouse and retail environments and there is even a "comfort" version which is ideal for sports facilities